Turpie AGG, Mantovani LG, Haas S, Kreutz R, Monje D, Schneider J, van Eickels M, Gebel M, Ageno W
July 2017
Thromb Res

XALIA assessed the safety and effectiveness of rivaroxaban for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) treatment in routine clinical practice. This substudy describes the clinical characteristics and outcomes of ‘early switchers’ – patients who received heparin or fondaparinux for >2-14days and/or a vitamin K antagonist (VKA) for 1-14days before switching to rivaroxaban.
Patients with DVT (latterly with concomitant pulmonary embolism) received rivaroxaban or standard anticoagulation (initial treatment with heparin or fondaparinux, usually overlapping with and followed by a VKA). Patients administered rivaroxaban alone, or heparin or fondaparinux for ≤48h pre-enrollment were included in the rivaroxaban cohort. Therapy type, dose, and duration were at the physician’s discretion. Primary outcomes were major bleeding, recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE), and all-cause mortality.
In 368 early switchers, recurrence or bleeding risk factors were more prevalent versus the rivaroxaban cohort, including creatinine clearance<50mL/min (6.5% vs. 3.9%), previous major bleeding (4.6% vs. 1.4%), active cancer (8.2% vs. 5.6%), and concomitant pulmonary embolism (20.9% vs. 8.4%). Crude incidence rates were numerically higher versus the rivaroxaban cohort for major bleeding (1.4% vs. 0.7%), recurrent VTE (2.2% vs. 1.4%), and all-cause mortality (0.8% vs. 0.5%).
Patients who switched to rivaroxaban early in the treatment process had a higher frequency of risk factors for bleeding and recurrent VTE than patients treated with rivaroxaban; reflected by the higher risk of adverse events in that group during follow-up.

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