Turpie AGG, Mantovani LG, Haas S, Kreutz R, Monje D, Schneider J, van Eickels M, Gebel M, Ageno W
XALIA assessed the safety and effectiveness of rivaroxaban for deep vein thrombosis (DVT) treatment in routine clinical practice. This substudy describes the clinical characteristics and outcomes of ‘early switchers’ – patients who received heparin or fondaparinux for >2-14days and/or a vitamin K antagonist (VKA) for 1-14days before switching to rivaroxaban.
MATERIALS AND METHODS:
Patients with DVT (latterly with concomitant pulmonary embolism) received rivaroxaban or standard anticoagulation (initial treatment with heparin or fondaparinux, usually overlapping with and followed by a VKA). Patients administered rivaroxaban alone, or heparin or fondaparinux for ≤48h pre-enrollment were included in the rivaroxaban cohort. Therapy type, dose, and duration were at the physician’s discretion. Primary outcomes were major bleeding, recurrent venous thromboembolism (VTE), and all-cause mortality.
In 368 early switchers, recurrence or bleeding risk factors were more prevalent versus the rivaroxaban cohort, including creatinine clearance<50mL/min (6.5% vs. 3.9%), previous major bleeding (4.6% vs. 1.4%), active cancer (8.2% vs. 5.6%), and concomitant pulmonary embolism (20.9% vs. 8.4%). Crude incidence rates were numerically higher versus the rivaroxaban cohort for major bleeding (1.4% vs. 0.7%), recurrent VTE (2.2% vs. 1.4%), and all-cause mortality (0.8% vs. 0.5%).
Patients who switched to rivaroxaban early in the treatment process had a higher frequency of risk factors for bleeding and recurrent VTE than patients treated with rivaroxaban; reflected by the higher risk of adverse events in that group during follow-up.